Before You Begin
Ethics in publishing
Conflict of interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint)or not under consideration for publication elsewhere that its publication is approved by all authors and by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in any form or in any language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
Attention for any malpractice
The corresponding author must declare in the Cover Letter that the manuscript has not submitted to any journal for possible publication, or has not published elsewhere (in part or full). If we notice such kind of malpractice, the author(s) will be blacklisted for our journal, and no article from those authors will be processed in future. Besides, the list of authors may be forwarded to the editors of other related journals around the world. For more please visit COPE Guidelines.
Changes to authorship
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor.
Upon submitting an article, authors should be agreed to abide by an open access Creative Commons license. Under the terms of this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright of their articles. However, the license permits any user to download, print out, extract, reuse, archive and distribute or link to the full texts of its articles and to use them for any other lawful purpose, so long as appropriate credit is given to the authors and the source of the work. The license ensures that the article will be available as widely as possible and that the article can be included in any scientific archive.
Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from our customer support site.