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Bioassay screening of sawdust obtained from selected tropical tree species for allelopathic properties and their field performance against paddy weeds

A K M Mominul Islam, Md Mehedi Hasan, Sabina Yeasmin, Md Anwarul Abedin, Md Abdul Kader, Md Harun Or Rashid, Md Parvez Anwar

doi:10.5455/faa.54326                     pp: 906-915

Abstract

The present study investigated the allelopathic potential of sawdust obtained from eleven tropical tree species available in Bangladesh viz., Azadirachta indica, Swietenia macrophylla, Acacia auriculiformis, Tamarindus indica, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Syzygium cumini, Mangifera indica, Albizia saman, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Diospyros discolor and Tectona grandis. Four concentrations of aqueous sawdust ( 1:5, 1:10, 1:15, 1:20 (w/v)) were tested for their potentiality in inhibiting seedling growth of allelopathic sensitive plant Raphanus sativus under laboratory condition. A control (distilled water without extract) was also maintained in each cases. The results of this experiment showed that S. macrophylla, E. camaldulensis, M. indica and A. saman inhibited more than 90% shoot and root growth of R. sativus. The sawdust of these four plant species were selected to evaluate their potentiality in controlling paddy field weeds under filed condition. A total of 16 weed control treatments were considered in the field experiment viz., sawdust of selected four tree plant species at three application rates (1, 2 and 3 t ha−1), manual weeding (three times),chemical control (pre- + post- emergence herbicides), chemical + manual control and season long weedy (control). The results showed that the effect of different sawdust on the weed control varied significantly. Weed growth suppression by the sawdust was increased with the increase in application rate. The results revealed that manual, chemical weed control and application of E. camaldulensis saw dust @ 3 t ha−1 reduced the weed density by 79, 77 and 72%, respectively, and weed biomass by 86, 84 and 79%, respectively. On the other hand, manual weed control offered 100% rice yield increase while chemical control and E. camaldulensis saw dust @ 3 t ha−1 both resulted in 92% rice yield increase over control. Although manual and chemical weed control offered efficient weed control and resulted in higher rice yield, from environmental viewpoint application of E. camaldulensis sawdust @ 3 t ha−1 may be considered for sustainable weed management in rice.

Keywords: Allelopathy, sawdust, tropical tree species, bio-herbicide, weed management

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